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Common Textiles Pros & Cons


 NYLON

 a. Absorbency - Fair


 b. Abrasion resistance - High


 c. Biological resistance - Excellent


 d. Chemical resistance - Dissolves in formic acid. Good heat setting. Sensitive to UV rays.


 e. Resilience - Very good.


 f. Static resistance - Poor


 g. Soil resistance - Fair to Excellent. 100% nylon cleans easily.


 h. Cleanability - Very good.


 i. Spot removal - Good for oil spots. Absorbs water base soils.


OLEFIN (Polypropolene or Herculon)

 a. Absorbency - None


 b. Abrasion resistance - Excellent


 c. Biological resistance - Excellent


 d. Chemical resistance - Very good. Sensitive to UV light.


 e. Resilience - Poor. Crushes easily.


 f. Static resistance - Excellent.


 g. Soil resistance - Excellent for water base. Poor for oil base.


 h. Cleanability - Excellent for water base. Poor for oil base.


 i. Spot removal - Excellent for water base. Poor for oil base.


POLYESTER

 a. Absorbency - Low


 b. Abrasion resistance - Good


 c. Biological resistance - Excellent


 d. Chemical resistance - Good


 e. Resilience - Poor


 f. Static resistance - Good


 g. Soil resistance - Good


 h. Cleanability - Fair to Good


 i. Spot removal - Water base easy, oil base difficult. Urine easy to remove. Bleach will scratch (dull) fiber.


ACRYLIC

 a. Absorbency - Very low


 b. Abrasion resistance - Fair


 c. Biological resistance - Excellent


 d. Chemical resistance - Good


 e. Resilience - Fair


 f. Static resistance - Good


 g. Soil resistance - Good


 h. Cleanability - Fair to Good


 i. Spot removal - Good for water base.


WOOL - Most is imported.

 a. Absorbency - Very high. 15% of weight is water. Center is medulla, where water goes.


 b. Abrasion resistance - Moderate


 c. Biological resistance - Prone to mildew


 d. Chemical resistance - Fair. High pH will damage epidermis/cuticle (outer surface). Wool fiber producers recommend cleaning @ 5.5 to 8.0 pH. dissolves in Chlorine bleach (Sodium Hypo chlorite)


 e. Resilience - Good dry, Poor wet.


 f Static resistance - Poor


 g. Soil resistance - Fair to Good


 h. Cleanability - Fair


 i. Spot removal - Fair


COTTON, RAYON, LINEN AND ACETATE

 a. Absorbency - High. Requires longer drying time.


 b. Abrasion resistance - Poor. Rayon is weakest of all fibers when wet.


 c. Biological resistance - Poor


 d. Chemical resistance - Fair. Strong acids or alkalis will attack.


 e. Resilience - Poor


 f. Static resistance - Low


 g. Soil resistance - Fair


 h. Cleanability - Fair


 i. Spot removal - Problems with water base.


 SILKS - Cheap fiber with good feel

 a. Absorbency - High


 b. Abrasion resistance - Fair


 c. Biological resistance - Fair


 d. Chemical resistance - Fair. Avoid bleaches, strong alkalis and acids.


 e. Resilience - Fair


 f. Static resistance - Fair


 g. Soil resistance - Fair


 h. Cleanability - Fair. Yellows with age. Water marks form because of sizings.


 i. Spot removal - Fair. Problems with water base. Perspiration causes water marks and makes the fabric brittle.